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Offices in Crossflatts in Bingley were built in
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This would later form part of shareholder's action to seek compensation as, at that point, the aid was certain and the company had never stopped operating as a going concern. On 1 January the bank was split into two parts, assets and banking. There would be no further job losses, except for the ones already announced.
Virgin also pledged to keep the headquarters of the bank in Newcastle upon Tyne. By this time the Northern Rock website had effectively become a ' soft redirect ' to Virgin Money's website. Under the chairmanship of Matt Ridley , Northern Rock had a business plan which involved borrowing heavily in the UK and international money markets, extending mortgages to customers based on this funding, and then re-selling these mortgages on international capital markets, a process known as securitisation.
In August , when the global demand from investors for securitised mortgages was falling away, the lack of money raised by this meant that Northern Rock became unable to repay loans from the money market. This problem had been anticipated by the financial markets, which drew greater attention to it. On 14 September , the bank sought and received a liquidity support facility from the Bank of England, to replace funds it was unable to raise from the money market. This led to panic among individual depositors, who feared that their savings might not be available should Northern Rock go into receivership.
The result was a bank run — the UK's first in years — where depositors lined up outside the bank to withdraw all of their savings as quickly as possible, particularly since everyone else was doing the same.
On 22 February , the bank was taken into state ownership as a result of two unsuccessful bids to take over the bank, neither being able to fully commit to repayment of taxpayers' money within three years. The bank planned to repay the government debt within three to four years, primarily by encouraging mortgage customers to take their mortgage to another lender.
Costs were also reduced by reducing numbers of staff. By October, customers appeared to be regaining confidence in the bank, when it emerged that there had been a surge in the number of new accounts which had been opened. Former shareholders and hedge funds also took legal action in January to get compensation for their shares; the shareholders lost the case.
The reason for this change was government policy to increase the availability of credit. The bank was split into two parts, assets and banking on 1 January Northern Rock has been one of the top five mortgage lenders in the United Kingdom in terms of gross lending according to Council of Mortgage Lenders statistics. As well as mortgages, the bank also deals with savings accounts and insurance. Northern Rock continued to sell credit cards under its own brand through The Co-operative Bank until November ; the decision to stop was made before the crisis.
In the bank had moved into sub-prime lending via a deal with Lehman Brothers. Although the mortgages were sold under Northern Rock's brand through intermediaries, the risk was being underwritten by Lehman Brothers. At the time of being bought by Virgin the bank had 75 branches that have since been re-branded under the Virgin Money name. In Northern Rock began to provide Virgin-branded savings accounts. The bank developed a site at Rainton Bridge,  which it sold to Npower.
Northern Rock completed the redevelopment of the Gosforth site, Northern Rock House , in the s, which saw the development some new buildings as well as the demolition of their original s tower block during Spring A new tower block, simply known as The Tower ,  was completed in November , originally intended to create jobs, and act as the main entrance and focal point of the company headquarters.
The Kielder and Prudhoe buildings of the Gosforth site were completed in the early s, behind which lies the distinctive glass-fronted Alnwick building. The main Atrium reception is adjacent to this, opening out onto Baker Street , a large covered atrium that housed a restaurant, shop and on-site branch.
A number of other buildings, all named after North-Eastern castles are joined to Baker Street. A sub-division in Guernsey was established in February ,  handling offshore savings and investment accounts. The Guernsey business was shut down on 2 September Northern Rock opened a branch in Ireland on 16 November  and the first branch in Northern Ireland followed on 4 April The first branch of the bank opened in Denmark on 7 February ;  however as part of the Government restructuring, the Danish operations ceased on 18 June In Northern Rock introduced a new corporate identity consisting of a magenta square containing the company name.
This replaced the NR 'blocks' logo. The Northern Rock Foundation also changed its logo in from the NR 'blocks' inline with the main company, using the same new typeface. The Red Box Design Group designed all the currently standing buildings at the company's headquarters in Gosforth       and have contributed to many of the other design aspects of the company, such as the in-branch styling.
One of Northern Rock's final advertising campaigns before the purchase by Virgin was titled 'Works for Me' and featured local customers. Following the purchase by Virgin, the Northern Rock brand was gradually phased out during Prior to the credit crisis the company had focused on developing its own staff and most appointments including the Chief Executive, were made internally.
Ridley resigned in October and Applegarth resigned in November , although the latter stayed on in a caretaker role until December After Applegarth's departure, Kuipers became the interim Chief Executive prior to the nationalisation before retiring on 31 August Since the split of the bank into Northern Rock plc and Northern Rock Asset Management plc on 1 January , each company had its boards of directors.
One of the stipulations of Hoffman's appointment at NBNK was that they could not table a bid for Northern Rock for a period of 12 months. The sponsorship of Newcastle United began in , and was set to expire in , before an extension to In after Virgin bought the bank, Virgin Money signed a 2-year deal to sponsor Newcastle United initially using the remaining time of Northern Rock's deal that was cut short; this deal was again itself later cut short.
The art entitled "Northern Rock Baltic" included mobile light stem sculptures and large scale external graphics. In February , documents relating to the sale came to light, attracting much criticism that the purchase has been made at a time of impending crisis. The company donated substantial amounts annually to its own independent charity, the Northern Rock Foundation.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the former consumer bank.
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